Стены из соломы

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10.11.2013
Стены из соломы

Возведение стен дома с соломенным заполнением - быстрый и очень интересный процесс. Однако для правильного выполнения такого процесса необходимо помнить определенные правила. В первую очередь необходимо еще раз убедиться в том, что деревянный каркас смонтирован правильно, отклонения от размеров проекта дома из соломы, не превышают допустимых. Важная деталь: все элементы каркаса должны быть смонтированы (в частности раскосы) и образовывать неизменную геометрическую систему. Горизонтальную ( или наклонную ) набивку рационально устроить с одной стороны стены, позже вкладывать тюки соломы и смонтировать обивку с другой стороны стены.

Необходимо помнить о предварительной разметке и устройства отверстий под канализацию, воду, газ, вентиляционные системы, подготовить специальные места под электрические коробки и узлы ( выключатели, розетки и потребителей электроэнергии). Во время всего строительства нужно помнить о возможности возникновения мостиков холода в доме. Ведь все меры, направленные на утепление дома, в целом могут быть в значительной степени нивелированы из-за незнания и непонимания элементарных принципов теплоизоляции. Например, устройство бетонной подготовки для подоконных досок хоть и обеспечивает надежное закрепление последних, но и служит мостиком холода, который с легкостью проводит холодный воздух в дом.

Во время возведения стен из соломенных тюков желательно позаботиться о готовых оконных и дверных рамах. Соломенные тюки лучше всего вкладывать вместе с армирующей сеткой ( которая является обязательным элементом штукатурных слоев, обеспечивает прочность, устойчивость к образованию трещин и является защитой от вредителей). При возникновении возможности попадания влаги на первый ряд блоков снизу, необходимо позаботиться о защитите фундамента и занятся его гидроизоляцией. Прежде всего желательно выкладывать соломенные блоки по углам дома и по обе стороны от дверных и оконных проемов. Позже выкладывают незаполненный объем стенового пространства с параллельным восполнением неровностей и щелей между уже вложенными блоками соломой. Важным мероприятием является перевязка тюков между рядами (вроде кладки кирпичной стены).

Во время всего процесса необходимо следить за аккуратностью и точностью проведения работ. Если геометрические размеры тюка не позволяют создать ровную поверхность стены, необходимо подрезать проблемные тюки, изменять их размеры и форму в соответствии с текущими требованиями (к счастью, солома - достаточно простой материал для подобных манипуляций). Если при возведении используется одинарный каркас - можно скреплять соседние ряды блоков деревянными шпунтами (по два заостренных шпунты размерами до 1.5 м в блок).

Лучший способ выразить благодарность автору - поделиться ссылкой на статью с друзьями!

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