Простой потолок на двухуровневом каркасе

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05.02.2014
Простой потолок на двухуровневом каркасе

Для создания подвесного потолка из гипсокартона, как вариант, можно рассмотреть технологию с использованием двухуровневого каркаса из металлических профилей. Такой вариант часто используется при возведении потолков большой площади. В отличии от одноуровневого каркаса, этот потолок не имеет жестких креплений к стене. Каркас крепится только к несущей конструкции при помощи любых подвесов и за счет этого его называют "плавающим". Двухуровневый каркас позволяет оставаться потолку в горизонтальной плоскости даже при деформации или вибрации несущих конструкций. Он более трещиноустойчив в местах стыкования гипсокартонных листов.

Конструкция не требует монтажа направляющих профилей на стену. Она состоит из основных и несущих профилей (используется одна марка CD 60Х27), которые крепятся к старому перекрытию при помощи подвесов. Между собой профиля соединяются двухуровневым соединителем. Профилей для двухуровневого каркаса понадобится больше, но регулировка его более простая.

Монтаж каркаса потолка начинаем с выполнения разметки потолка по периметру помещения на стенах спомощью шнуроотбойного устройства. После этого производим разметку на базовом потолке и отмечаем точки крепления подвесов. Расстояние между подвесами зависит от типа нагрузки и шага основгых профилей. Расстояние подвесов от стен в углах помещения должно быть не более 150 мм от оси основного профиля до одной стены и 250 мм от оси основного профиля до другой стены. В зависимости от пректа, для крепления на базовом потолке основных профилей используют подвесы с зажимом и тягой или прямые подвесы.

Крепление подвесов к деревянному основанию выполняется с помощью саморезов по дереву, к бетонному - металлическими анкерными дюбелями. После этого необходимо нарезать по размеру потолочные профили. Длина основного профиля должна быть меньше длины помещения на 10 мм. После этого устанавливаем строго по уровню основные профили каркаса и закрепляем их саморезами по металлу к прямым подвесам. Первый основной профиль крепится на расстоянии не более 150 мм от стены. Шаг профилей зависит от нагрузки и построечных условий. После этого необходимо закрепить с помощью двухуровневого соединителя несущие профили каркаса. Первый несущий профиль устанавливается не далее 100 мм от стены. Расстояние между несущими профилями - при поперечном креплении листов составляет 500 мм, при продольном - 400 мм.

После этого можно приступать к монтажу гипсокартонных листов. Листы обрезаются исходя из размеров комнаты. На торцевой стороне каждого листа необходимо перед монтажем снять фаску (2-2,5 мм под углом). Такая процедура обеспечит более качественное шпаклевание швов гипсокартона. Крепление гипсокартона производим саморезами по металлу с шагом 150-200 мм по всему периметру, и не менее 10 мм от оклеенного картоном края листа.

Подвесной потолок на двухуровневом каркасе видео

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