Герметизация мокнущих стен

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05.05.2014
Герметизация мокнущих стен. Устранение сырости.

Довольно часто жители частных домов сталкиваются с проблемой намокания стен в полуподвальных помещениях. Эта проблема особенно актуальна при достаточно высоком уровне грунтовых вод, уровень и давление которых непосредственно воздействуют на стену. В результате стена намокает, а иногда и начинает выделять воду через щели в цементной кладке. С чем это может быть связано - с плохой гидроизоляцией? Как решить эту проблему? Какие существуют надежные варианты? Какие материалы и герметики лучше применить, что бы устранить причины появления влаги и течи воды?

Практически в 100 % таких случаев, причиной является сила высокого давления грунтовых вод. Сюда же можно добавить нарушенную при строительстве или уже негодную гидроизоляцию фундамента. Для устранения сырости и герметизации мокнущих стен  можно использовать систему ремонта Wastop от фирмы Collares. Система представляет собой жидкий герметик в пластиковой емкости, который может использоваться самостоятельно и входить в состав специального раствора.

Для начала необходимо очистить поврежденную часть стены от старой штукатурки, а если стена из блочной или кирпичной кладки - очистить цементные швы на глубину 1-2 см (очищаем места, где непосредственно выступает влага и поверхность вокруг них радиусом 50 см). Это необходимо делать для того, что бы удалить поврежденный влагой цемент со стены в тех местах, где будет наноситься специальный герметизирующий раствор.

Чистый герметик наносим кистью на стену, уделяя особое внимание щелям и швам. Зразу после нанесения герметика, в щели засыпается сухой цемент и растирается по поверхности (процедуру производить руками в защитных резиновых перчатках). Если вода продолжает выступать, необходимо сухой цемент прижимать рукой к швам и подержать примерно одну минуту. Если вода продолжает сочиться - повторите весь процесс до полного ее исчезновения.

Далее приступаем к приготовлению раствора: смешиваем 10 л воды, 2,5 кг сухого цемента и 1,5 л герметика Wastop. Полученную смесь наносим на стену широкой кистью в два слоя. Первый слой герметика наносился на мокрую поверхность, второй слой — на уже высушенную поверхность через 2 часа. После этого замешиваем пасту: 5л воды, 10-12 кг цемента, 1 л герметика Wastop. Наносить на стену шпателем снизу вверх слоем примерно в 1 см. Полученная паста довольно быстро схватывается, поэтому не стоит замешивать много на один раз.

После просушивания нанести на стену смесь из цемента и песка (без извести) в пропорции 1:5, этот слой послужит основой для дальнейшего оштукатуривания стены (1 часть цемента и 4 части песка с добавлением 1 л «Wastop» на 100л штукатурки).

Лучший способ выразить благодарность автору - поделиться ссылкой на статью с друзьями!

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