Печь в баню своими руками

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20.11.2013
Кирпичная печь для бани своими руками.

Хорошая печь - сердце любой бани и к её строительству своими руками или выбору в баню уже готовой необходимо отнестись с особой ответственностью. По проекту в зависимости от материала, каждая печь обладает рядом преимуществ и недостатков. Так например металлическая печь для бани хорошо впишется в дизайн небольших бань, компактна и очень удобна в монтаже и эксплуатации, долговечна, не требует усиленного фундамента для своей установки. Но в то же время создать настоящую атмосферу русской бани сможет только кирпичная печь для бани. Пар, получаемый из такой печи, насыщенный и не обжигает органы дыхания, выделяемое тепло - очень мягкое и идеально подходящее как для любителей, так и новичков. К тому же конструктивное исполнение такой печи может быть любое и впишется в каждый индивидуальный дизайн бани.

Если Вы не работали ранее с обычной кирпичной кладкой печей, а тем более банных, то самостоятельно лучше не приступать к строительству печи для бани из кирпича. Для этого целесообразней воспользоваться услугами опытных каменщиков-печников, о которых можно узнать от соседей с уже построенными банями, хороших знакомых или специализированных фирм.

Кирпичная печь в баню может быть разных видов. Самые распространенные - по белому, по серому, по черному и с металлической плитой. Печи, которые топятся "по черному" применялись повсеместно в деревнях ранее. Они не имеют дымохода и напрямую прогревают камни. Пользоваться такой баней можно только после полного сгорания дров. Баня "по серому" выкладывается уже с дымоходом, но он проходит прямо через камни. Пользоваться парной можно так же после полного сгорания дров, как и в предыдущем исполнении бани. Банные печи "по белому" не задымляют помещение, но прогревают его значительно дольше. Камни укладываются на перегородку, теплом от которой они и прогреваются. Конструкция печи с плитой позволяет расположить камни и бак для воды практически внутри печи над самой топкой. В этом случае бак быстро прогревается и долго держит необходимую температуру.

В качестве топлива для кирпичной печи в баню могут использоваться дрова, уголь, газ. Пример газофицированой печи приведен на рисунке.

Кирпич для работы потребуется специальный огнеупорный и класть его необходимо на глиняный раствор для печи. Одно из самых распространенных вариантов - глиняный раствор с песком: 1:1 или 1:2. Вода добавляется в количестве примерно 1/4 часть объема глины. Если используется жирная глина, то потребуется большее количество песка, который должен быть просееным и не содержать посторонних примесей. За сутки до приготовления раствора, глина замачивается в воде 1:1.

Основы строительства и описание основных частей банной печи. В начале необходимо выложить основание. Это нужно для того, что бы тепло не уходило в пол, а полностью прогревало помещение парной. Основание сооружается на заранее подготовленный фундамент под печь в баню. Следующий этап - строим поддувало. Без него не будет обратной тяги и наша печь не загорится. Затем одну половину конструкции накрываем колосниками, для того что бы воздух поступал в топку, а дрова не проваливались вниз. Оставшуюся часть конструкции закладываем кирпичом стык в стык. Теперь основание нашей печи готово. Следующий этап - выкладываем топку. Топка должна иметь размер превышающий размер поддувала в два раза. Сверху топка накрывается сплошной металлической плитой, на которую укладывают природные камни, после чего топка переходит в дымоход. Именно камни будут прогреваться и при поливе их водой, выделять необходимый пар. После строительства новой кирпичной печи для бани, её необходимо топить две недели "в сухую", т.е. одними дровами и только потом можно будет устроить банный день.

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Комментарии

21.05.2014Николай
Интересная статья, но ложить самостоятельно печь все равно не решусь. Лучше нанять специалистов с опытом работы, посмотреть на их предыдущие печи и выбрать для себя. Переделывать всегда дороже.
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Не думаю, что еще где-нибудь в стране топят баню "по черному".
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